Endangered Animals in China


Ibis The Most Endangered: Crested Ibis

As one of the rarest birds in the world, it distributes in China and Japan, but Japan only have one. The crested ibis often lives in trees and descends to the ground to look for food. It feeds on fish, frogs, crabs, and insects. Only 7 was found in Yang County on the southern slope of the Qin Mountains in Shaanxi Province in 1981, which is the last spot in the world survives in the wild.

Due to take some effective protected measure by Chinese government, the number of crested ibis have increased to 60(26 in the wild, 32-34 in human care). But the conservation of crested ibis is facing a series of question such as inbreeding, population dispersal, habit conservation and recovery etc. Therefore, CWCA expect a international cooperation on protecting crested ibis, and take some effective measures to enlarge population so as to it can free fly in the sky.



Wildlife in China

China is a vast country with abundant natural resources and landscapes which provide habitats for a variety of wildlife. There are over 4,400 species of vertebrates including 1,244 species of birds, 430 mammals, 208 amphibians, 350 reptiles, and 2,300 fishes. China is one of the countries with largest number of wildlife species.

In the old, beautiful and richly endowed land, there are numerous valuable animals and various species of rare and endemic wildlife. Giant panda, the golden monkey, the white-lipped deer, Chinese alligator, brown-eared pheasant and Chinese river dolphin are unique. Crested ibis, the black-necked crane, Asiatic elephant and nearly a hundred other species which are endangered or rare in the world are to be found in China. Of the 15 species of cranes in the world, 9 are found in China. Additionally, China has 18 species of primates, while many countries in the same latitudes have none.

Wildlife is treasure of mankind and an important part of the natural environment. In order to protect, develop and reasonably utilize wildlife resources, the Chinese government has established the "Wildlife Protection Law of P. R. China" and other conservation laws and policies. More than 574 forest or wildlife natural reserves have been established; programs have begun to build up artificial propagation population for the major rare and endangered species; rescue projects for giant panda and crested ibis have been carried out, and plus have been designed to reintroduce some China extinct species. Wildlife conservation in China has won international concern and support, and Chinese wildlife authorities and conservation organizations now raise closely with people and professional groups abroad to promote studies and research, enforce laws and regulations, take effective measures, raise people's awareness of wildlife conservation and further our progress in wildlife conservation.

Nature Reserves in China

With her vast area, diverse landscapes and climatic variations, China harbors a rich wildlife heritage. Chinese government and conservation organizations have paid great attention to natural reserve construction as a means of protecting the natural environment and resources. by the end of 1995, 779 nature reserves of all 3 categories(forest wild animal and natural historical heritage) and 750 national forest area(a total area of 78,450 thousand hectares: 8.7% of national territory) were set up to preserve the unique fauna and flora and serve as basis for scientific research, education and tourism.

Thanks to these efforts, some endangered species including Cathaya argyrophylla, Camellia chrysantha, Golden monkey, Takin, Eld deer, Chinese alligator and crested ibis have begun a gradual recovery and steady population growth.

While consolidating the established natural reserves, China will continue building new reserves. This is a great project of natural conservation to which China has always been committed.

Panda
Giant Panda

Golden Monkey
Golden Monkey

Leopard
Snow Leopard

Tiger
Tiger

Ibis
Crested Ibis

Pheasant
Brown Eared
Pheasant

Crane
Red-crowned
Crane

Chinese Alligator
Chinese Alligator